Constitutional Law professor Erdoğan was sentenced to pay compensation to the three members of the Constitutional Court in 2001, along with Kopuzlu, when he wrote a paper criticizing the Constitutional Court’s (AYM) proceedings against the abolition of political parties in a quarterly magazine.
“Academician thoughts freely Expression meat should be”
stressed that the most important issues in the public interest of judicial procedures and practices Court “incriminated penned a university lecturer post, he was doing contributes to the overall debate. The article about the decisions of the AYM about some of the issues and the reaction of the public corresponded to a legitimate curiosity about informing the public. AY
The ECtHR underlined the importance of academic freedom; Di This freedom is not limited to university or scientific research, but it includes the expression of polemics, even though it is not popular, where instructors are conducting research, expressing their ideas freely in their own fields of expertise or competence may.
Turkey’s Academic Autonomy Ratings
Academic autonomy, in its simplest form, means the independence of universities from authority. In addition, the choice of academician, the subjects to be studied and the acceptance of the students are the criteria for the measurement of university autonomy. The measuring out these criteria European University Association (EUA) ‘s academic autonomy according to the rankings Turkey ranks 25th among 29 countries. (1) According to the EUA’s ranking reports universities in Turkey seem to be dependent on the authorities.EUA’s financial autonomy in Turkey also rank among the same 23 countries, it ranks 21st in the 28 organizational autonomy and employment autonomy in the rankings.
Academic Freedom and Freedom of Expression
The decision of the ECtHR is important when considered in February along with the regulation introduced in the Law on Higher Education Council. With the amendment, academicians are in giving information or making statements to the media except for scientific discussions and explanations ak.
Considering that the academician is defined as katkı the person who teaches in the university or similar institutions of higher education, makes researches and contributes to his / her field with his / her original researches gerçekleştir, it will be seen that the statement of opinion is a requirement of the profession. It is also known that academic study and publication rates are the most important criteria for determining the level of development of countries.
The name of the information obtained as a result of the acceptance of a subject in certain molds without being discussed in a lengthy way is “dogma kalıp, the biggest obstacle in front of the dogmas is the academies where the academic duty is fulfilled. According to the ın Academic Freedom and the Report of the Parliamentary Council of the University Autonomy Council of the European Council ”, the academic task is to respond to the needs and requirements of the modern world. In contemporary societies, the fulfillment of this task will take place when religious or political powers and economic forces are morally and mentally independent. In this case, the boundaries of academic freedom in vague expressions, the freedom of expression will be hard to put into existence; academicians who are obliged to benefit their countries will not be able to perform what is expected of them.
In today’s world, there is no explanation for putting thought into certain molds and expecting production to be made only through these patterns. The ECHR underlines that academic freedom cannot be restricted for any reason by the decision of Mustafa Erdogan. It should not be forgotten that the restrictions on academic freedom do not include an arrangement alone; it also implies limitation of the most basic right of the person to freedom of thought and expression.